The covid-19 pandemic is generating a India Phone Number List triple combined and asymmetric crisis in Latin America: health, economic and socialone. The health crisis leads to growth (often exponential) both in cases of covid-19 and in critical situations and excess deaths resulting from the pandemic. Here, the asymmetry India Phone Number List is manifested in the different rates of contagion and lethality for population groups with different access to preventive and therapeutic care. The economic crisis arises from a double shock of supply and demand that hit economies that had already come from stagnation India Phone Number List processes and macroeconomic and financial imbalances.
In this scenario, the policies of India Phone Number List closing economic activity and mobility were applied to combat the pandemic, which had an asymmetric impact on the heterogeneous productive structure of the region. Added to the internal measures was the drop in international trade for countries India Phone Number List heavily dependent on the export of raw materialstwo. The social crisis broke out in one of the most unequal regions in the world and the problems are cumulative: reduction in the circulation of people and goods, fall in employment and income, closure of key public services such India Phone Number List as schools and other educational centers, etc.
The negative effects on the living India Phone Number List conditions of the population are more intense in low-income informal groups, together with those who suffer housing deficits and access to basic public services. In addition, the most vulnerable population does not have automatic stabilizers (for example, unemployment India Phone Number List insurance), or access to social security, or previous savings, so India Phone Number List it will be more difficult for them to recover and return to their already precarious activities prior to retirement. shock . In this context, three elements define the possibility of advancing in a universal and unconditional social protection model, which includes a India Phone Number List universal basic income policy: (a) the nature of the risk vector; (b) the epidemiological strategy to deal with it; and (c) the deep vulnerability of the social structure in the region.